Alright, so it's the middle of Februrary and it's it's about that time to start thinking about how to cool your home this spring & summer. That A/C out back is getting pretty old isn't it? This is the best time to think about it & possibly even replace it. When it is not 100% necessary to cool your house and you don't mind your system being down for a day or two.
In order to replace an air conditioner, you'll first need to know the type (or what type you should have). In this post, we'll look at the three most common types of home air conditioners that will allow you to shop for the best system for your home. You may even choose to combine two or all three types for a custom solution for your home.
The most common type of air conditioner found in modern single family homes is without a doubt the central forced air conditioner. It consists of three major components: the outdoor compressor, a heat exchanger coil, and an air handler.
In colder regions, the A/C system is integrated into the furnace and uses its blower to circulate the cooled air through the ducts, while warmer climates will just use an air handler unit (blower without the furnace).
The outdoor condenser is what many people think of when they think of an “air conditioner”. Its job is to expel heat from your air conditioning system’s refrigerant to the outside air, significantly cooling the refrigerant's temperature.
This now chilled refrigerant is transported to a heat exchanger coil indoors. This coil runs the refrigerant through a network of small tubes while your home’s air supply is drawn over it, transferring heat from your home’s air supply to the cold refrigerant. The end result is cool air that is ready to be distributed throughout your home by the air handler.
Although less common than a central forced air system (in North America, at least), a ductless “mini split” system has many advantages over traditional air conditioning units, and is thus rapidly increasing in popularity.
First and foremost, it does not require any ductwork. A single zone mini split system consists of two main components, an outdoor condenser unit and an indoor cooling/air handler unit. The outdoor condenser operates in a similar fashion to a central forced air system’s outdoor condenser.
The main two differences are that 1) a mini split condenser is traditionally smaller and 2) may have multiple refrigerant outlets (especially if the condenser is designed for multiple indoor units). The chilled coolant is brought over an insulated copper line called a “line set” to the indoor unit, which operates as an all-in-one air propulsion unit and heat-exchanger coil.
The end result is an entirely ductless heating and cooling system that can be installed in nearly any area of your home.
The last type of air conditioning is called a packaged terminal air conditioner, or PTAC.
You have probably seen these during a stay at a hotel or if you have ever rented an upper-end apartment. It is an entirely self-contained, compact air conditioning system designed for cooling single rooms or small areas.
Inside of its case is a small compressor, heat-exchanger coil, and blower that work together to efficiently cool an area with minimal space needed. While not much space is needed inside or outside the building, PTACs do need to be installed in a wall, and sufficient space within the wall structure is required.
These units are typically not as efficient as central air conditioner units or ductless mini split systems, and as such, are best suited for applications where many individually-controlled systems are required, such as hotels or apartment buildings.